Enki and Ninḫursaĝa: c.1.1.1
Pure are the cities — and you are the ones to whom they are allotted. Pure is Dilmun land. Pure is Sumer — and you are the ones to whom it is allotted. Pure is Dilmun land. Pure is Dilmun land. Virginal is Dilmun land. Virginal is Dilmun land. Pristine is Dilmun land.
Enki and Ninḫursaĝa: c.1.1.1
He laid her down all alone in Dilmun, and the place where Enki had lain down with his spouse, that place was still virginal, that place was still pristine. He laid her down all alone in Dilmun, and the place where Enki had lain down with Ninsikila, that place was virginal, that place was pristine.
Enki and Ninḫursaĝa: c.1.1.1
In Dilmun the raven was not yet cawing, the partridge not cackling. The lion did not slay, the wolf was not carrying off lambs, the dog had not been taught to make kids curl up, the pig had not learned that grain was to be eaten.
Enki and Ninḫursaĝa: c.1.1.1
Ninsikila said to her father Enki: “You have given a city. You have given a city. What does your giving avail me? You have given a city, Dilmun. You have given a city. What does your giving avail me? You have given ……. You have given a city. What avails me your giving?”
Enki and Ninḫursaĝa: c.1.1.1
“May the waters rise up from it into your great basins. May your city drink water aplenty from them. May Dilmun drink water aplenty from them. May your pools of salt water become pools of fresh water. May your city become an emporium on the quay for the Land. May Dilmun become an emporium on the quay for the Land.”
Enki and Ninḫursaĝa: c.1.1.1
The city’s dwellings are good dwellings. Dilmun’s dwellings are good dwellings. Its grains are little grains, its dates are big dates, its harvests are triple ……, its wood is …… wood.
Enki and Ninḫursaĝa: c.1.1.1
The waters rose up from it into her great basins. Her city drank water aplenty from them. Dilmun drank water aplenty from them. Her pools of salt water indeed became pools of fresh water. Her fields, glebe and furrows indeed produced grain for her. Her city indeed became an emporium on the quay for the Land. Dilmun indeed became an emporium on the quay for the Land. At that moment, on that day, and under that sun, so it indeed happened.
Enki and Ninḫursaĝa: c.1.1.1
(She said:) “For the little ones to whom I have given birth may rewards not be lacking. Ab-u shall become king of the grasses, Ninsikila shall become lord of Magan, Ningiriutud shall marry Ninazu, Ninkasi shall be what satisfies the heart, Nazi shall marry Nindara, Azimua shall marry Ninĝišzida, Ninti shall become the lady of the month, and Ensag shall become lord of Dilmun.”
Enki and the world order: c.1.1.3
“I will admire its green cedars. Let the lands of Meluḫa, Magan and Dilmun look upon me, upon Enki. Let the Dilmun boats be loaded (?) with timber. Let the Magan boats be loaded sky-high. Let the magilum boats of Meluḫa transport gold and silver and bring them to Nibru for Enlil, king of all the lands.”
Enki and the world order: c.1.1.3
He cleansed and purified the land of Dilmun. He placed Ninsikila in charge of it. He gave …… for the fish spawn, ate its …… fish, bestowed palms on the cultivated land, ate its dates. …… Elam and Marḫaši ……. …… to devour ……. The king endowed with strength by Enlil destroyed their houses, demolished (?) their walls. He brought their silver and lapis-lazuli, their treasure, to Enlil, king of all the lands, in Nibru.
Enlil and Sud: c.1.2.2
……, dates, figs, large pomegranates, ……, ĝipar fruits, plums (?), ḫalub nuts, almonds, acorns, Dilmun dates packed in baskets, dark-coloured date spadices, large pomegranates gathered from orchards, big clusters of grapes on high, …… trees in fruit, trees from orchards, …… grown in winter, and fruits from orchards were despatched by Enlil toward Ereš.
Inana’s descent to the nether world: c.1.4.1
She abandoned the office of en, abandoned the office of lagar, and descended to the underworld. She abandoned the E-ana in Unug, and descended to the underworld. She abandoned the E-muš-kalama in Bad-tibira, and descended to the underworld. She abandoned the Giguna in Zabalam, and descended to the underworld. She abandoned the E-šara in Adab, and descended to the underworld. She abandoned the Barag-dur-ĝara in Nibru, and descended to the underworld. She abandoned the Ḫursaĝ-kalama in Kiš, and descended to the underworld. She abandoned the E-Ulmaš in Agade, and descended to the underworld. { (1 ms. adds 8 other lines:) She abandoned the Ibgal in Umma, and descended to the underworld. She abandoned the E-Dilmuna in Urim, and descended to the underworld. She abandoned the Amaš-e-kug in Kisiga, and descended to the underworld. She abandoned the E-ešdam-kug in Ĝirsu, and descended to the underworld. She abandoned the E-šeg-meše-du in Isin, and descended to the underworld. She abandoned the Anzagar in Akšak, and descended to the underworld. She abandoned the Niĝin-ĝar-kug in Šuruppag, and descended to the underworld. She abandoned the E-šag-ḫula in Kazallu, and descended to the underworld. }
Nanna-Suen’s journey to Nibru: c.1.5.1
“My Nibru, where black birch trees grow in a good place, my sanctuary Nibru, where white birch trees grow in a pure place — my Nibru’s shrine is built in a good place. The sanctuary Nibru’s name is a good name. My Nibru’s shrine is built in a good place. The sanctuary Nibru’s name is a good name. Before Dilmun existed, palm trees grew in my city. Before Dilmun existed, palm trees grew in Nibru and the great mother Ninlil was clothed in fine linen.”
The Flood story: c.1.7.4
More and more animals disembarked onto the earth. Zi-ud-sura the king prostrated himself before An and Enlil. An and Enlil treated Zi-ud-sura kindly ……, they granted him life like a god, they brought down to him eternal life. At that time, because of preserving the animals and the seed of mankind, they settled Zi-ud-sura the king in an overseas country, in the land Dilmun, where the sun rises.
Enmerkar and the lord of Aratta: c.1.8.2.3
City, majestic bull bearing vigour and great awesome splendour, Kulaba, ……, breast of the storm, where destiny is determined; Unug, great mountain, in the midst of ……. There the evening meal of the great abode of An was set. In those days of yore, when the destinies were determined, the great princes allowed Unug Kulaba’s E-ana to lift its head high. Plenty, and carp floods, and the rain which brings forth dappled barley were then increased in Unug Kulaba. Before the land of Dilmun yet existed, the E-ana of Unug Kulaba was well founded, and the holy ĝipar of Inana in brick-built Kulaba shone forth like the silver in the lode. Before …… carried ……, before ……, before …… carried ……, before the commerce was practised; before gold, silver, copper, tin, blocks of lapis lazuli, and mountain stones were brought down together from their mountains, before …… bathed for the festival, ……, …… time passed. (2 lines missing)
The death of Ur-Namma (Ur-Namma A): c.2.4.1.1
His (?) pleasing sacrifices were no longer accepted; they were treated as dirty (?). The Anuna gods refused his gifts. An did not stand by an “It is enough”, and he could not complete his (?) days. Because of what Enlil ordered, there was no more rising up; his beloved men lost their wise one. Strangers turned into (?) ……. How iniquitously Ur-Namma was abandoned, like a broken jar! His …… with grandeur like (?) thick clouds (?). He does not …… any more, and he does not reach out for …….” …… Ur-Namma, alas, what is it to me?” Ur-Namma, the son of Ninsumun, was brought to Arali, the pre-eminent place of the Land, in his prime. The soldiers accompanying the king shed tears: their boat (i.e. Ur-Namma) was sunk in a land as foreign to them as Dilmun. …… was cut. It was stripped of the oars, punting poles and rudder which it had. ……; its bolt was broken off. …… was put aside; it stood (?) in saltpetre. His donkeys were to be found with the king; they were buried with him. His donkeys were to be found with Ur-Namma; they were buried with him. As he crossed over the …… of the Land, the Land was deprived of its ornament. The journey to the nether world is a desolate route. Because of the king, the chariots were covered over, the roads were thrown into disorder, no one could go up and down on them. Because of Ur-Namma, the chariots were covered over, the roads were thrown into disorder, no one could go up and down on them.
A praise poem of Šulgi (Šulgi D): c.2.4.2.04
You are as strong as an ildag tree planted by the side of a watercourse. You are a sweet sight, like a fertile meš tree laden with colourful fruit. You are cherished by Ninegala, like a date palm of holy Dilmun. You have a pleasant shade, like a sappy cedar growing amid the cypresses.
A praise poem of Išme-Dagan (Išme-Dagan A + V): c.2.5.4.01
In accordance with the great destiny decided by Father Enlil, my battle-cry overspreads the remotest parts of the mountains. In the rebel cities no one approaches me or fixes their weapons against me. They bring (?) their tribute spontaneously at Enlil’s command. …… to the mountains. …… nir-igi stone, cornelian, …… stone, { …… their stones } { (some mss. have instead the line:) …… time-consuming labour, ……, labour for the king }. For me the black-headed bring great timbers …… to the Land, while Dilmun bestows lavishly on me its linen, dates and date spadices. The Martu, who know no houses, who know no cities — primitives who live in the hills — bring me row upon row of woolly alum sheep. From the upland mountains, from the …… places, cedar, zabalum, cypress and boxwood were together brought to me. Enlil, my master, who batters the foreign lands into submission, kept the people on a single track, and made them unanimous for me, who am all for Enlil, who am the beloved of E-kur.
Letter from Aradĝu to Šulgi about irrigation work: c.3.1.03
My lord, you have given me instructions about every matter, from the sea and the land of Dilmun, { from the salt waters and the borders of the land of the Martu } { (some mss. have instead:) to the salt waters and the borders of the land of the Martu }, { to } { (1 ms. has instead:) from } the { side (?) } { (1 ms. has instead:) borders (?) } of Simurrum and { the territory of …… } { (1 ms. has instead:) the territory of Subir }:
A balbale (?) to Inana (Inana F): c.4.07.6
The heavens are mine and the earth is mine: I am heroic! In Unug the E-ana is mine, in Zabalam the Giguna is mine, in Nibru the Dur-an-ki is mine, in Urim the E-Dilmuna is mine, in Ĝirsu the Ešdam-kug is mine, in Adab the E-šara is mine, in Kiš the Ḫursaĝ-kalama is mine, in Kisiga the Amaš-kuga is mine, in Akšak the Anzagar is mine, in Umma the Ibgal is mine, in Agade the Ulmaš is mine. Which god compares with me?
A tigi to Suen (Nanna I): c.4.13.09
“In the chosen city, the shrine of my heart which I have founded in joy, like Aratta ……; in my E-mud-kura I have tended my cows.” “First-born son of Enlil, where have you tended the people, Lord Ašimbabbar?” “In a place founded on a good day and given a good name, in the place chosen in my heart, my E-mud-kura, I, Ašimbabbar, have tended my cows.” “First-born son of Enlil, where have you tended the people, Lord Ašimbabbar?” “In a place founded on a good day and given a good name, in the place chosen in my heart, my E-mud-kura, I, Ašimbabbar, have tended my cows.” “King of the holy cattle-pen, where have you tended your cows, youthful, noble shepherd?” “In the meadow where I have built a dais for my shrine Urim and have let date palms grow as in the land of Dilmun — there in its holy reedbeds I have tended my cows.” “First-born son of Enlil, where have you tended the people, youthful, noble shepherd?” “In the meadow where I have built a dais for my shrine Urim and have let date palms grow as in the land of Dilmun — there in its holy reedbeds I have tended my cows.”
A tigi to Suen (Nanna I): c.4.13.09
(instead of lines 22-40, 1 ms. has:) “…… where have you tended your cows, youthful, noble shepherd?” “…… for my shrine Urim …… as in the land of Dilmun — there in the house’s cattle-pen I have tended my cows.” “King of the holy cattle-pen (?), where have you tended your cows, youthful, noble shepherd, Lord Ašimbabbar?” “In a place founded on a good day and given a good name, in the place chosen in my heart, E-kiš-nu-ĝal, the …… house, I, Ašimbabbar, have tended my cows (?).”
A šir-gida to Ninisina (Ninisina A): c.4.22.1
“My house is the house of Isin, the cosmic border of heaven and earth, a fragrant cedar forest whose perfume does not diminish; its interior is a mountain established in plenteousness. Before the land of Dilmun ever existed, my house was created from a date palm. Before the land of Dilmun ever existed, Isin was created from a date palm. Its dates are like a great linen garment that hangs on a tree, heaped up into piles. The Anuna, the great gods, eat together with me. My house is a place of healing, full of opulence, the place of the formation of the Land. At night it shines to me like the moonlight; in the noonday heat it shines to me like the sunlight. My husband, Lord Pabilsaĝ, the son of Enlil, lies inside with me ……, enjoying his rest there. My watercourse is the Kir-sig watercourse, which produces plenty for eating, which spreads out over the wheat; in it the flowing water always rises high for me. Its banks make syrup and wine grow there, and make their produce rich for me.”
A šir-namšub to Ninurta (Ninurta G): c.4.27.07
My king, you covered the edge of the sea with rays of light. On that day from the gold (?) of Ḫarali you are Ena-tum. From the cornelian and lapis lazuli of the land of Meluḫa you are Ena-tum. From the dušia stone of the land of Marḫaši you are Enakam. From the silver of fifteen cities you are Enakam. From the copper and tin of Magan you are Enakam. From the bronze of …… you are Enakam (?). From the silver of Dilmun you are Ena-tum. From the im-kalaga clay of the mouth of the hills you are Enakam. From the gypsum of the shining hills you are Enakam. (10 lines missing or fragmentary)
The message of Lu-diĝira to his mother: c.5.5.1
Let me give you a third description of my mother: My mother is { rain from heaven } { (1 ms. has instead:) timely rain }, water for the finest seeds. She is a bountiful harvest of { fully-grown fine barley } { (1 ms. has instead:) ripe, exceedingly fine barley } { (1 ms. has instead:) heavenly …… } { (1 ms. has instead:) ripe maturity (?) …… }. She is a garden of { …… } { (1 ms. has instead:) delights }, { full of laughter } { (1 ms. has instead:) filled with rejoicing }. She is a well-irrigated pine tree, { an adorned juniper } { (1 ms. has instead:) adorned with pine-cones }. She is early fruit, the { products } { (1 ms. has instead:) garden’s yield } of the first month. She is an irrigation ditch bringing fertilising water to the garden plots. She is a sweet Dilmun date, a prime date much sought after.

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