Enlil and Ninlil: c.1.2.1
Enlil spoke to the man at the city gate: “City gatekeeper! Keeper of the barrier! Porter! Keeper of the holy barrier! When your lady Ninlil comes, if she asks after me, don’t tell her where I am!” Ninlil addressed the city gatekeeper: “City gatekeeper! Keeper of the barrier! Porter! Keeper of the holy barrier! When did your lord Enlil go by?” She spoke to him; Enlil answered as the city gatekeeper: “My lord has not talked with me at all, O loveliest one. Enlil has not talked with me at all, O loveliest one.” “I will make clear my aim and explain my intent. You can fill my womb once it is empty — Enlil, lord of all the lands, has had sex with me! Just as Enlil is your lord, so am I your lady!” “If you are my lady, let my hand touch your ……!” “The seed of your lord, the bright seed, is in my womb. The seed of Suen, the bright seed, is in my womb.” “My master’s seed can go up to the heavens! Let my seed go downwards! Let my seed go downwards, instead of my master’s seed!” Enlil, as the city gatekeeper, got her to lie down in the chamber. He had intercourse with her there, he kissed her there. At this one intercourse, at this one kissing he poured the seed of Nergal-Mešlamta-ea into her womb.

Gilgameš, Enkidu and the nether world: c.1.8.1.4
The warrior Gilgameš, son of Ninsumun, directed his steps on his own to E-kur, the temple of Enlil. He cried before Enlil: “Father Enlil, my ball (?) fell down into the nether world, my mallet (?) fell down into Ganzer. Enkidu went down to retrieve them but the nether world has seized him. Namtar did not seize him, the Asag did not seize him; but the nether world has seized him. The udug demon of Nergal, who spares nobody, did not seize him, but the nether world has seized him. He did not fall in battle on the field of manhood, but the nether world has seized him.” Father Enlil did not stand by him in the matter, so he went to Eridug.

Gilgameš, Enkidu and the nether world: c.1.8.1.4
In Eridug he directed his steps on his own to the temple of Enki. He cried before Enki: “Father Enki, my ball (?) fell down into the nether world, my mallet (?) fell down into Ganzer. Enkidu went down to retrieve them but the nether world has seized him. Namtar did not seize him, the Asag did not seize him; but the nether world has seized him. The udug demon of Nergal, who spares nobody, did not seize him, but the nether world has seized him. He did not fall in battle on the field of manhood, but the nether world has seized him.” Father Enki stood by him in this matter.

Gilgameš, Enkidu and the nether world: c.1.8.1.4
From that fateful day and for seven days his servant, Enkidu, did not come out from the nether world. The king was lamenting, crying bitterly: “My beloved servant, my faithful companion, my counsellor, has been seized in the nether world! Namtar did not seize him, the Asag did not seize him; but he was seized in the nether world. The udug of Nergal who …… did not seize him, but he was seized in the nether world. He did not fall in battle on the field of ……, but he was seized in the nether world.”

The temple hymns: c.4.80.1
O E-ĝiškešda-kalama (House which is the bond of the Land), bull …… great strength among the gods, terrifying wild cow, wild bull which causes lament, Gudua, your quay is a low quay which bestows water, your interior is artfully built, your mace is a …… mace released from heaven, your platform is a lustrous platform spreading over Mešlam. Your prince, the mighty god, the sovereign of Mešlam, the fierce god of the underworld, the sovereign of Ud-šuš (Sunset), Nergal, Mešlamta-ea, has erected a house in your precinct, and taken his seat upon your dais.

The temple hymns: c.4.80.1
10 lines: the house of Nergal in Gudua.

 

An elegy on the death of Nannaya: c.5.5.2
“Utu, the great lord of the nether world, after turning the dark places to light, will judge your case. May Nanna decree your fate on the day of sleep. Nergal, the Enlil of the underworld, …… before it, may the …… utter your name, may he cause you to eat fresh food. May you be …… of the underworld, and may she have pity on you. May your household bring fresh water to the libation place. May Lord Ninĝišzida …… the house ……. May the mighty Gilgameš …… health for you. May Neti and Etana be your helpers. May the god of the underworld utter prayers for you.”

 

The song of the hoe: c.5.5.4
The temple of Ĝeštin-ana resembled the drumsticks, the drumsticks of Mother Ĝeštin-ana that make a pleasant sound. The lord (Enlil) bellowed at his hoe (al) like a bull. As for the grave (irigal): the hoe (al) buries people, but dead people are also brought up from the ground by the hoe (al) (This may allude to Enkidu’s ghost being put in contact with Gilgameš.). With the hoe (al), the hero honoured by An, the younger brother of Nergal, the warrior Gilgameš is as powerful as a hunting net. The { (1 ms. adds:) sage } son of Ninsumun is pre-eminent with oars (ĝisal) (This may allude to Gilgameš rowing across the waters of death.). With the hoe (al) he is the great barber (kindagal) of the watercourses. In the { chamber } { (1 ms. has instead:) place } of the shrine, with the hoe (al) he is the minister (sukkal). The wicked (ḫulĝal) …… are sons of the hoe (al); they are born in sleep from heaven.

 

An axe for Nergal: c.5.7.3
Nibruta-lu, the son of the merchant Lugal-šuba, has had this tin axe made for Nergal. Its wooden part is of arganum tree of the mountains, a wood which is superior even to the alal stone; its stone part is of antasura, a stone which has no equal. The arm of the man who strikes with it will never get tired.

An axe for Nergal: c.5.7.3
Should it break, I will repair it for Nergal. Should it disappear, I will replace it for him. May Nergal look after me during my life, and may he provide me with clean water in the underworld after my death.

—————————————————
A tigi to Nergal (Nergal C)
1-10. Lord who inspires awe in heaven and on earth, who is resplendent in the Land, engendered for kingship by your father, your awesomeness weighs upon the black-headed. The Anuna, the great gods, cower together before your awesomeness and radiance. Nergal, lord who inspires awe in heaven and on earth, who is resplendent in the Land, engendered for kingship by your father, your awesomeness weighs upon the black-headed. The Anuna, the great gods, cower together before your awesomeness and radiance.

11-20. Hero, after your father begot you, your father Enlil bestowed on you the mountain of the earth and all of the people. He definitively handed the deciding of destinies to you. Hero, Nergal, you are their king! Nergal, hero, after your father begot you, your father Enlil bestowed on you the mountain of the earth and all of the people. He definitively handed the deciding of destinies to you. Hero, Nergal, you are their king!

21-30. Lord who imposes silence, son of Enlil, who in his heroism like a flood demands respect (?)! May the people of Lagaš spread on your pure table everything you need. Nergal, may you stretch forth your arm over the place Lagaš. Nergal, lord who imposes silence, son of Enlil, who in his heroism like a flood demands respect (?)! May the people of Lagaš spread on your pure table everything you need. Nergal, may you stretch forth your arm over the place Lagaš.

31. Sa-gida.

32-41.
1 line fragmentary
2 lines missing
1 line fragmentary …… heroism, …… Uzarpara (?), the shrine ……, you are Mešlamta-ea, ……. Nergal, lord, you are the Enlil of his Land. Like Alla (?), you have no rival. Like Ištaran, it has been given to you to reach correct judgments.

42-51. Enlil, shepherd of the black-headed, has given you as your name “Lord who leads away the enemies of Enlil, avenger of his father, strong hero”. The gods have determined your fate. They have given …… to you. On earth you are ……, in heaven you are ……. Because of your noise no god opposes you. Just young man who …… the plague, provider for the place Lagaš, Mešlamta-ea, may people praise you in song!

52-61. Lord of the just word, lord of abundance, hero! At your name, people obey. Frightening sea like a rising ……, with your kingship you inspire terrifying fear. Hero, with your magnificent strength …… you pile up the rebel lands in heaps. Nergal, your name is praised in song. May the lady, An’s daughter, the lady who loves her city, Bau who concerns herself with you, in Iri-kug, her city of ladyship, make your appointed …… famous for a reign of distant days.

62. Sa-ĝara.

63. A tigi of Nergal.

——————————–

A hymn to Nergal (Nergal B)
1-8. Hero, majestic, awe-inspiring son of Enlil, battering like a storm and roaring against the rebel lands! Immense at his front, at his rear surging as a flood, after he ……, …… this place; Lord Mešlamta-ea inspiring terrifying awe, his …… not releasing the hostile land, his luxuriant horn …… in the Land, struck …… with weapons.

9-12. ……, sired by Enlil, great ……, …… flood ……; he has placed you ……, he has positioned you in your heroic strength.

13-16. Raising his head, authoritative with a ringing voice, knowing the divine powers of the gods, …… of the Land, he travels through heaven and organises everything.

17-27. When …… you command the storm which flattens the hostile land, you devastate its evil; you pour it over for as long as it disobeys. You are the great hero of the lands, you speak ……, you go …… where no foot has previously been placed. …… like a vessel with seven spouts. The black-headed gather together at the front. You outpace the pigeons with ……. You outpace the black and white swallows (?).

28-35. …… in the hushed streets, your …… awesomeness covers the city. The majestic and just crown …… your awesomeness. The …… is a south wind that none can withstand. At the place of the queen, the most precious place, you exercise the role of supreme deity! Directing a noble gaze, you exercise kingship in the Land! For his father he has led the people from afar. He, Nergal, has brought them to the …… of the nether world.

36-49. Then Erra welcomed his king: “They have come! You surpass An! Perform the stewardship for An the king! In accordance with destiny you determine fates with him, Nergal!” Ninšubur, the minister of the great place, the underworld, greeted Nergal: “You are the lord who has made the bandits come forth (?) from the mountains. As with Enlil ……, no part of a foreign land escapes your grasp. Hero, for Enlil you piled up Enlil’s enemies (?) in a single day. Hating ……, Nergal, …… as fire, you rise up in the lands where the sun rises.” The Anuna gods stepped forward: “Like …… cracks ……, ……, you are Nergal!”

50-57.
5 lines fragmentary …… son of Enlil ……, Lugal-era. Praising you is sweet.

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